There is no reason to suppose that
Russia produces more mushrooms than the United States or England.
Almost forty years after Mr. Coxe published his Travels, another English
physician, Dr. Robert Lyall, brought out in 1823 a volume entitled The Character
of the Russians, in which he dwelt at length on the Russians addiction
to mushrooms. He even undertook to record the common names used by
the Russians and to identify them.
The knowledge of edible mushrooms [said Dr.
In America too, over 100,000 people died last year from prescription drugs, (including 1,000 suiciding on Prozac alone!) and not one death from herbal medicine!
Yet, here in Australia, Coltsfoot is still prohibited ng the 1800's the North American Peyote ritual
was standardized. By 1920 the ceremonial practices of most tribes were identical
with only minor variations.
(Note: In Mexico there is a popular liquor called mescal. Many people believe
that it is made from the Peyote cactus. Actually it is fermented from the Maguey
plant, a large succulent of the Amaryllis family with sword-like leaves. This plant
does not contain mescaline or related alkaloids.)
It was in 1896 that Arthur Heffter extracted mescaline from Peyote and tested it
upon himself. This was the first hallucinogenic compound isolated by man. About
350 mg of mescaline is required for a psychotropic experience, although definite
effects can be felt from as little as 100 mg. Mescaline may comprise as much as
six percent of the weight of the dried button, but is more often closer to one
percent. An average dried button the diameter of a quarter weighs about 2
grams. it usually takes 6-10 of these buttons to gain the desired effect.
It has been noted that the peyote experience is quantitatively somewhat different
than that of pure mescaline, the former being more physical than the latter. This
is due to several of the other alkaloids present in the cactus. These include:
HORDENINE, N-METHYLMESCALINE, N-ACETYLMESCALINE, PELLOTINE,
ANHALININE, ANHALONINE, ANHALIDNINE, ANHALONIDINE, ANHALAMINE,
O-METHYLANHALONIDINE, TYRAMINE, and LOPHOPHORINE. Not all of
these substances have psychopharmacological activity when administered
singly. Some of them in combination apparently potentiate the effects of the
mescaline and definitely alter some of the characteristics of the experience.
Two of these alkaloids - Hordenine and Tyramine - have been found to possess
antibacterial activity, presumably because of their phenolic function. For ages the
Huichol Indians have rubbed the juices of fresh peyote into wounds to prevent
infection and to promote healing. The Tarahumara Indians consume small
amounts of peyote to combat hunger, thirst and exhaustion especially while
hunting. They have been known to run for days after a Deer with no food, water
or rest. Peyote has many uses in folkloric medicine including the treatment of
arthritis, consumption, influenza, intestinal disorders, diabetes, snake and
scorpion bites and datura poisoning. The Huichol and other tribes recognize two
forms of peyote. One is larger, more potent and more bitter than the other. They
call it TZINOURITEHUA-HIKURI (peyote of the Gods). The smaller, more
palatable, but milder buttons are called RHAITOUMUANITARI-HIKURI (peyote of
the goddesses). The difference between the two forms may be due solely to how
old the plants are. Alkaloids tend to accumulate in these cacti with age. It is
possible, however, that the goddess peyote is a different species. Until recently
botanists believed that the genus LOPHOPHORA consisted of a single but highly
varible species. But in 1967 H.H. Bravo found near Queretaro in so
pilzdroge duftkissen @ Monday, December 22, 2014 1:38:08 PM